Tetanus is a highly fatal disease of all species of farm livestock. It is characterized by hyperaesthesia, tetany and convulsions.
Clostridium tetani is a spore-bearing, fastidious
Spores are extremely resistant to environmental conditions
The organism has two main habitats, namely the soil and gastrointestinal tracts of animals and humans
Differential Diagnosis with following diseases:
Cerebrocortical necrosis (CCN)
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
Treatment and prevention
Large doses of penicillin administered parenterally for at least seven days
Administration of antitoxin
This comprises a group of infections caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Theileria and transmitted by ixodial ticks. They occur in a variety of ruminants and wild animals. Both members of the genus Babesia and the genus Theileria occur within red blood cells. They are collectively called piroplasms and the infections caused by the two are thus sometimes known as ‘piroplasmosis’
Babesiosis is caused by an intra-erythrocytic protozoan of the genus Babesia transmitted by hard ticks of the family Ixodidae
Unlike many other parasitic diseases, it affects adults more severely than young cattle in which infection is frequently subclinical. It causes fever, haemoglobinaemia, haemoglobinuria, anaemia and death.
Tetanus is a fatal disease. Goat are more susceptible to tetanus