Lumpy Skin Disease

“Hundreds of Lumpy skin Disease Signs”

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LUMPY SKIN DISEASE

Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is caused by lumpy  (LSDV)

Aetiology: Family: Poxviridae

Genus: Capripoxvirus (Sheeppox virus and Goatpox virus are from Capripoxvirus)

 

Signs 

  • Fever that may exceed 105°F
  • Reduction in milk yield 
  • Depression
  • Anorexia
  • Emaciation
  • Rhinitis
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Salivation
  • Enlarged superficial lymph nodes
  • Circumscribed, firm, round and raised cutaneous nodules on the head, neck, limbs, udder, genitalia and perineum 
  • Nodules may become necrotic and eventually fibrotic and persist for several months 
  • Vesicles, erosions and ulcers  in the mucous membranes of the mouth and alimentary
    tract and in the trachea and lungs may be found
  • Limbs and ventral parts of the body, such as the dewlap, brisket, scrotum and vulva, may be
    oedematous 
  • Infertility in Bull 
  • Abortion
  • Anoestrus for several months
  • Recovery is slow
  • Secondary pneumonia
  • Mastitis
  • Necrotic skin plugs
  • Leaving deep holes in the hide

Treatment:  

  1. Symptomatic 

“14 months age heifer, recovered after 2 days” 

-Rashed (Farmer)

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